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Peran Diplomasi Multilateral Indonesia dalam Menghadapi Pandemi COVID-19

Asep Setiawan

asepsetia@gmail.com

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Abstrak

Pandemi COVID-19 telah mendorong berbagai negara bekerjasama menangani wabah ini karena telah menjalar ke hampir 200 negara dan teritori di dunia. Penelitian ini  bertujuan untuk mengkaji peran diplomasi multilateral yang dilakukan Indonesia dalam menghadapi lingkungan global dimana pandemi COVID-19 terjadi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan pendekatan kualitatif memanfaatkan data dari laporan berbagai lembaga dan berbagai dokumen. Temuan penelitian adalah, Indonesia menempuh diplomasi jalur multilateral di forum-forum global sebagai bagian dalam upaya memberikan kontribusi kepada tata kelola kesehatan global. Selain itu, diplomasi multilateral menjadi instrumen dalam mendapatkan vaksin melalui fasilitas COVAX. Diplomasi multilateral Indonesia juga menjadi instrumen dalam menangani dampak COVID-19 di tingkat nasional.

Kata kunci : diplomasi, multilateral, pandemi, COVID-19, global, kesehatan

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted countries to work together to deal with the outbreak as it has spread to nearly 200 countries and territories around the world. This research aims to examine the role of multilateral diplomacy conducted by Indonesia in dealing with the global environment in which the COVID-19 pandemic occurred. Research is conducted with a qualitative approach utilizing data from the reports of various institutions and various documents. The study’s findings are that Indonesia pursues multilateral diplomacy in global forums as part of efforts to contribute to global health governance. In addition, multilateral diplomacy becomes an instrument in obtaining vaccines through the COVAX facility. Indonesia’s multilateral diplomacy is also an instrument in dealing with the impact of COVID-19 at the national level.

Keywords: diplomacy, multilateral, pandemic, COVID-19, global, health